Afghanistan: Beyond the Tashkent Summit

From March 25-27th, the Uzbek capital, Tashkent, co-hosted with the Afghan government the Afghanistan Peace Conference, a summit that took place just a few months after the Samarkand Security and Sustainable Development Conference. These events show that the region is seeking peace and stability as a primary objective in order to allow its full development as a secondary, but very important objective.  Both of these summits and the region’s organization towards peace are moving forward without foreign interference; hence the presence of only diplomatic representatives (and not foreign ministers) of the U.S., Russia, China, Iran, the KSA, the UAE and the EU… Afghanistan has known many wars, but the latest one has been ongoing (in one form or another) since 1978. This contemporary war era is comprised of a series of events (insurrections, civil wars, American invasion) that are impacting the region at many levels and attracting unwanted foreign involvement. But What is Preventing Peace from Becoming a Reality in Afghanistan? The answer is simple: The Taliban and the Islamic State Group. The Taliban, an insurgent faction since 2002 (after having held power from 1996 to 2001), were trained in Pakistani madrassas. They were (and are still, according to some) supported by the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence and Military. The Taliban are mostly Pashtun (an Iranian ethnic group) tribesmen who live mainly in Pakistan (32 million), Afghanistan (14 million), Iran, the UAE, Russia, and Tajikistan, on top of having a diaspora scattered throughout the Western countries. The Taliban are a poorly-expressed … Continue reading Afghanistan: Beyond the Tashkent Summit